Strait of Hormuz

From Openwaterpedia
Strait of Hormuz in the Persian Gulf
Mohammad Hossein Bibi Kobadi (2nd from right) and team

The Strait of Hormuz (Persian: تنگه هرمز Tangeh-ye Hormoz, Arabic: مضيق هرمز‎ Maḍīq Hurmuz) is a narrow, strategically important waterway between the Gulf of Oman in the southeast and the Persian Gulf. On the north coast is Iran and on the south coast is the United Arab Emirates and Musandam, an exclave of Oman.

The strait at its narrowest is 54 kilometers (34 miles) wide. It is the only sea passage to the open ocean for large areas of the petroleum-exporting Persian Gulf. About 13 tankers carrying 15.5 million barrels (2,460,000 m3) of crude oil pass through the strait on an average day, making it one of the world's most strategically important choke points. This represents 33% of the world's seaborne oil shipments, and 17% of all world oil shipments in 2009.

There are two opinions about the etymology of this name. In popular belief the derivation is from the name of the Persian God هرمزHormoz (a variant of Ahura Mazda). Compare the Pillars of Hercules at the entrance to the Mediterranean. Scholars, historians and linguists derive the name "Ormuz" from the local Persian word هورمغ Hur-mogh meaning date palm. In the local dialects of Hurmoz and Minab this strait is still called Hurmogh and has the aforementioned meaning.

Open Water Swimming

Mohammad Kobadi completed an unprecedented 1,000 kilometer assisted stage swim in the Persian Gulf from the Strait of Hormuz to Arvand Kenar along the coast of southeastern Iran. His assisted stage swim took 84 days where he averaged 11.7 kilometers (7.2 miles) per day. His Guinness Book of World Records-ratified swim was officially defined as an assisted stage swim (Sea/Gulf) as he swam in a shark cage with a neoprene wetsuit, fins, hand paddles, and a snorkel.

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