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Palk Strait

From Openwaterpedia
Palk Strait is a popular cross-border swim between India and Sri Lanka
Murugapillai Navratnaswami, the first person to cross the Palk Strait in 1954
Balasaheb Ramchandra Ghadge crossing the Palk Strait
Rajiv Trivedi holds the record crossing the Palk Strait together with Balasaheb Ramchandra Ghadge

Palk Strait (Tamil:பாக் சலசந்தி) is a strait between the Tamil Nadu state of India and the Mannar district of the Northern Province of the island nation of Sri Lanka. It connects the Bay of Bengal in the northeast with the Palk Bay and thence with the Gulf of Mannar in the southwest. The strait is 33 to 50 miles (53 to 80 km) wide. Several rivers flow into it, including the Vaigai River of Tamil Nadu. The strait is named after Robert Palk, who was a governor of Madras Presidency (1755-1763) during the Company Raj period. It is studded at its southern end with a chain of low islands and reef shoals that are collectively called Adam's Bridge.

Adam's Bridge

Adam's Bridge (Tamil: ஆதாம் பாலம்), also known as Rama's Bridge or Rama Setu, is a chain of limestone shoals, between Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island, off the southeastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar Island, off the northwestern coast of Sri Lanka. Geological evidence suggests that this bridge is a former land connection between India and Sri Lanka. The bridge is 18 miles (30 km) long and separates the Gulf of Mannar (southwest) from the Palk Strait (northeast). Some of the sandbanks are dry and the sea in the area is very shallow, being only 3 ft to 30 ft (1 meter to 10 meters) deep in places, which hinders navigation. It was reportedly passable on foot up to the 15th century until storms deepened the channel: temple records seem to say that Rama’s Bridge was completely above sea level until it broke in a cyclone in 1480.

Palk Strait Crossings

1. 1954: Murugapillai Navratnaswami (or spelled Murugupillai Navaratnasamy) was the first person to cross the Palk Strait. His 59 km (36.7-mile) swim took 26 hours 50 minutes from Valvettithurai (VVT), Sri Lanka to Point Calimere, India on his second attempt.
2. 1963: V.S. Kumar Anandan, newphew of Murugapillai Navratnaswami, crossed the Palk Strait from VVT, Sri Lanka to Point Calimere, India that took 42 hours.
3. 1974: V.S. Kumar Anandan completed an unprecedented two-way crossing of the Palk Strait from Valvettithurai, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, Tamil Nadu, India and then back to Talaimannar in a 51 hour swim.
4. 5-6 April 1966: Mihir Sen completed a 59 km swim across the Palk Strait from Ceylon (now Valvettithurai, Sri Lanka) to Point Calimere, India in 25 hours 44 minutes.
5. 1981: Tanarath Narayan Shenoy won a race across the 30 km Palk Strait from Sri Lanka to India.
6. 1994: R Kutraleeswaran at the age of 12.
7. 20 August 2004: Bula Chowdhury Chakraborty crossed the 30 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, Tamil Nadu, India in 13 hours 52 minutes on an unprecedented course (first woman).
8. 2 March 2011: Balasaheb Ramchandra Ghadge crossed the 30 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, India in 12 hours 31 minutes, together in a tandem swim with Rajiv Trivedi.
9. 2 March 2011: Rajiv Trivedi crossed the 30km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, India in 12 hours 31 minutes in a wetsuit, together in a tandem swim with Balasaheb Ramchandra Ghadge.
10. 2012: S.P. Murleedharan crossed the 30 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Arichamunai, Dhanushkodi, India in 13 hours 53 minutes. "As an Indian I feel proud to cross Palk Strait from Sri Lanka to India. The conditions were extremely tough for swimming. The sea, pleasant in the initial stage, turned very rough. It forced me to swim against the strong wind and choppy sea."
11. Unknown date: C.P. Saravanavadivu
12. 24 March 2018: Raja Eswara Prabhu crossed the 30 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Arichalmunai, Dhanushkodi, India in 11 hours 58 minutes.
13. 25 March 2018: M. Tulasi Chaitanya crossed the 29 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Arichalmunai, Dhanushkodi, India in 8 hours 25 minutes.
14. 28 March 2019: Jai Jaswanth crossed the 30 km Palk Strait from Thalaimannar, Sri Lanka to Arichalmunnai in India in 10 hours 30 minutes at the age of 10.
15/16. 26 February 2020: American Edie Hu and British Adam Moss crossed the 30 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, India in 10 hours 18 minutes in a tandem crossing.
17. On 19 March 2021: Syamala Goli crossed the 30 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka and Dhanushkodi, India in 13 hours 43 minutes t the age of 47 after a delay due to the COVID-19 pandemic, observed by the Swimming Federation of India.
18. 26 March 2021: Jayant Jaiprakash Duble crossed the 30 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, India in 9 hours minutes.
19. 28-29 March 2022: Snehan Neethirajan Anusa (or NA Snehan completed a 60 km two-way crossing between Dhanushkodi (Arichalmunnai), India and Talaimannar, Sri Lanka in 19 hours 45 minutes at the age of 14.
20. 23 April 2022: Kola Baby Spandan crossed the 29 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, India in 9 hours 28 seconds 7 seconds at the age of 18.
21. 23 April 2022: Piduru Sri Gowthama Pranav Rahul crossed the 29 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, India in 9 hours 28 seconds 7 seconds at the age of 18.
22. 23 April 2022: Kalavakollu Johnson crossed the 29 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, India in 9 hours 28 seconds 7 seconds at the age of 16.
23. 23 April 2022: Kalavakollu King George crossed the 29 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, India in 9 hours 28 seconds 7 seconds at the age of 16.
24. 23 April 2022: Terli Sathvik crossed the 29 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, India in 9 hours 28 seconds 7 seconds at the age of 15.
25. 23 April 2022: Bontha Alamkruthi crossed the 29 km Palk Strait from Talaimannar, Sri Lanka to Dhanushkodi, India in 9 hours 28 seconds 7 seconds at the age of 13.
26. Unknown date: Jiya Rai in 13 hours 10 minutes at the age of 13.
27. Unknown date and unknown time: Snehan at the age of 14.
28. Unknown data and unknown time: Anshuman at the age of 16.

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