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Isla Guadalupe

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(Redirected from Guadalupe Island)

Isla Guadalupe or Guadalupe Island is a volcanic island with a rugged landscape located 241 kilometers (150 miles) off the west coast of Mexico's Baja California peninsula and some 400 kilometers (250 miles) southwest of the city of Ensenada in Baja California state, in the Pacific Ocean.

The 2008 census recorded a population of 150 people on the island including a small community of abalone and lobster fishermen, located on the western coast.

There are strong winds and swells that whip the islands during winter. Generators provide electricity, and a military vessel brings 30,000 liters of fresh water. The number of fishermen varies annually depending on the fishing season.

At the southern tip, on Melpómene Cove, there is a weather station staffed by a detachment from the Mexican Ministry of the Navy. There is a small airport near the center of the island.

Isla Guadalupe measures 35 kilometers (22 miles) north-south and up to 9.5 kilometers (5.9 mi) east-west. It features a chain of high volcanic mountain ridges which rises to a height of 1,298 meters (4,259 feet) at its northern end (Mount Augusta). The coast consists of rocky bluffs with detached rocks fronting some of them.

The island had been a nature conservancy area since 1928, making it one of the oldest reserves in Mexico. As of June 2005, Guadalupe has been designated a biosphere reserve.

Many marine species that reside on or near Guadalupe also frequent the Channel Islands, and vice versa. Guadalupe is considered one of the best spots in the world for sightings of the great white shark, possibly because of its large population of pinnipeds.

Shark Diver™

Patric Douglas, Luke Tipple and Richard Theiss of Shark Diver™ conducted a successful 4-year pilot great white shark-tagging effort involving U.C Davis and Mexico’s CICIMAR at Isla Guadalupe. Shark Diver created, branded and launched the non-profit web site Guadalupefund.org raising awareness of sharks worldwide and the need for shark conservation in Mexico.

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