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El Fronton

From Openwaterpedia
El Frontón is part of the Prison Island Swims (or the Triple Break or Triple Crown of Prison Island Swims that were nominated for the 2016 WOWSA Awards, a recognition of outstanding men, women, performances and offerings around the globe sponsored by the World Open Water Swimming Association in the category of World Open Water Swimming Offering of the Year

El Frontón is an island off the coast of Callao, Peru.

For much of El Frontón's history, the island was used as a prison. Fernando Belaúnde Terry, who was twice president of Peru, was imprisoned on the island as a political prisoner. During his imprisonment, Belaúnde Terry made an unsuccessful attempt to swim to freedom. Hugo Blanco was also imprisoned on the island.

During the insurgency of the Shining Path, the island was used as a prison for Maoist militants. On 18 June 1986, the Shining Path led an uprising on El Frontón as well as two other prisons. The government of Alan García treated the prisons as war zones, and the Peruvian Navy was sent to the island. Many of the prisoners involved in the rebellion were killed, and Human Rights Watch claimed that evidence suggested that "no fewer than ninety" of the prisoners killed were victims of extrajudicial executions.

The behavior of the Peruvian Government during the uprising in the prison led to censure by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.

Open Water Swimming[edit]

El Frontón is site of one of the Triple Break swims (Triple Crown of Prison Island Swims), where swimmers challenge themselves to escape by swimming at least 3 of the world's most well-known prison island swims including Le Château d’If, Fort Boyard, Devil's Island, Île de Gorée, Robben Island, Alcatraz Island, Spike Island, Rottnest Island, and Sainte-Marguerite.

Triple Break Sites (listed by region and country)[edit]

Africa[edit]

Australia[edit]

Central America[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

  • Alcatraz Island (U.S.A.): 2.3 km to mainland, was the former isolated prison home of Al Capone and other celebrated American criminals
  • Santa Cruz (U.S.A.): 33 km to mainland, was use to house prisoner after Mexico's independence from France
  • Fort Warren (U.S.A.): 11 km to mainland, was used as a prison in the American Civil War 1862
  • Fort Jefferson (U.S.A.): 110 km to Key West Florida, was used as a prison for USA Civil War deserters and plotters to kill Abraham Lincoln
  • McNeil Island (U.S.A.): 4.5 km to mainland, was used as a prison in the 1880s up to 1,200 inmates
  • Johnson Island (U.S.A.): 5 km to mainland, was used as a prison from 1861 with up 2,500 Conference prisoners
  • Peddocks Island (U.S.A.): 0.4 km to mainland, was used as a prison during World War II for Italian prisoners

South America[edit]

  • Devil's Island (French Guiana) 14 km to mainland, was a well-known location of the French penal system and a leper colony
  • El Frontón (Peru): 5 km to mainland, was used as a prison until the 20th century

External links[edit]