noun - Citizen science (also known as crowd science, crowd-sourced science, civic science, or networked science) is scientific research conducted, in whole or in part, by amateur or nonprofessional scientists, often by crowdsourcing and crowdfunding.
Citizen science has been defined as the systematic collection and analysis of data; development of technology; testing of natural phenomena; and the dissemination of these activities by researchers on a primarily avocational basis. Citizen science is sometimes called public participation in scientific research.
Reef Check Foundation, a non-profit organization dedicated to empowering people to save the worlds reefs and oceans, is an example of citizen science.
crowd science, crowd-sourced science, civic science, or networked science