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Changuu

From Openwaterpedia
Changuu Island (also known as Kibandiko Island, Prison Island or Quarantine Island
Changuu is part of the Prison Island Swims (or the Triple Break or Triple Crown of Prison Island Swims that were nominated for the 2016 WOWSA Awards, a recognition of outstanding men, women, performances and offerings around the globe sponsored by the World Open Water Swimming Association in the category of World Open Water Swimming Offering of the Year

Changuu Island (also known as Kibandiko Island, Prison Island or Quarantine Island) is a small island 5.6 km northwest of Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar. The island is around 800m long and 230m wide at its broadest point. It is one of the sites of the Triple Break or prison island swims.

History as a Prison Island[edit]

The island saw use as a prison for rebellious slaves in 1860s and also functioned as a coral mine. The island was uninhabited until the 1860s when the first Sultan of Zanzibar, Majid bin Said, gave it to two Arabs who used it as a prison for rebellious slaves prior to shipping them abroad or selling them at the slave market in Zanzibar's Stone Town.

The British First Minister of Zanzibar, Lloyd Mathews, purchased the island from its Arab owners in 1893 and constructed a prison complex there on behalf of the Zanzibar government. The prison was to have housed violent and recidivist criminals from the part of the African mainland which was then under the jurisdiction of Zanzibar. But no prisoners were ever housed on the island and instead it became a quarantine station for yellow fever cases.

Triple Break Sites (listed by region and country)[edit]

Africa[edit]

Australia[edit]

Central America[edit]

Europe[edit]

North America[edit]

  • Alcatraz Island (U.S.A.): 2.3 km to mainland, was the former isolated prison home of Al Capone and other celebrated American criminals
  • Santa Cruz (U.S.A.): 33 km to mainland, was use to house prisoner after Mexico's independence from France
  • Fort Warren (U.S.A.): 11 km to mainland, was used as a prison in the American Civil War 1862
  • Fort Jefferson (U.S.A.): 110 km to Key West Florida, was used as a prison for USA Civil War deserters and plotters to kill Abraham Lincoln
  • McNeil Island (U.S.A.): 4.5 km to mainland, was used as a prison in the 1880s up to 1,200 inmates
  • Johnson Island (U.S.A.): 5 km to mainland, was used as a prison from 1861 with up 2,500 Conference prisoners
  • Peddocks Island (U.S.A.): 0.4 km to mainland, was used as a prison during World War II for Italian prisoners

External links[edit]