noun - EMT or an Emergency Medical Technician or Ambulance Technician are terms used in some countries to denote a healthcare provider of emergency medical services. EMTs are trained to respond quickly to emergency situations regarding medical issues, trauma injuries and accident scenes, and are used at many open water swimming competitions and triathlons. EMTs operate under the scope of practice as provided by their physician medical director. There are many levels of an EMT, the most common being an EMT-B (EMT-Basic) and the highest level is EMT-P or Paramedic, which has the ability to administer a variety of medications, start IVs/IOs and interpret/correct cardiovascular problems along with treatment of various other issues that may arise.
They may work in an ambulance service (paid or voluntary), as a member of technical rescue teams/squads, or as part of an allied service such as a fire or police department. EMTs are trained to assess a patient's condition, and to perform such emergency medical procedures as are needed to maintain a patent airway with adequate breathing and cardiovascular circulation until the patient can be transferred to an appropriate destination for advanced medical care. Interventions include cardiopulmonary resuscitation, defibrillation, controlling severe external bleeding, preventing shock, body immobilization to prevent spinal damage, and splinting of bone fractures. EMT's are trained in BLS, or basic life support. If the patient requires more advanced care during transport that is out of the scope of practice of the EMT, a paramedic or RN will assist in transport. A national exam is required for certification following the mandated in- class hours and patient- contact requirements.
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