Robert John Herman "Bob" Kiphuth (17 November 1890 – 7 January 1967) was a swimming coach born in Tonawanda, New York. From 1951 to 1961, Kiphuth was also the publisher of Swimming World Magazine.
- He is best known for his 41-year career as head coach of the Yale University men's swim team from 1918 to 1959.
- During his tenure with Bulldogs swimming and diving, he amassed a record of 528 wins to only 12 losses, along with four NCAA titles (1942, 1944, 1951, 1953), earning him a reputation for being the winningest coach in history.
- He served as the head coach for multiple U.S. Olympic swimming teams (both men and women, depending on the year).
- For a few years near the end of his career, he doubled as Yale's athletic director, a job he eventually left to return his focus to coaching. He was largely responsible for the modern sport of swimming, which he shaped by introducing such innovations (now standard practices) as dryland workouts and interval training.
- He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Lyndon Johnson on 6 December 1963. He had been chosen to receive the award by President John F. Kennedy (President Kennedy also received the Medal of Freedom, posthumously, at the same ceremony).
- Since 1968, the high-point award at the USA's Swimming National Championships has been named in his honor (the Kiphuth Award).
- In 1965 he was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame as a Honor Coach.
International Swimming Hall of Fame Induction
ROBERT J. H. KIPHUTH (USA), 1965 Honor Coach
FOR THE RECORD: OLYMPIC GAMES: 1932, 1936, 1948 (U.S. Olympic Men's Swimming Team Head Coach); Yale University Swimming Coach for over 30 years, winning 200 consecutive meets, National AAU Team Championships, NCAA Championships; Introduced dry land exercises to swim training; National AAU Treasurer; AAU Youth Fitness Director.
On numbers of dual meet victories (only 10 losers in 42 years), numbers of Eastern Intercollegiate titles (38), numbers of times as U.S. Olympic coach (5), numbers of swim trips overseas (33), and numbers of AAU National Team Championships (14), no coach has been so successful as Yale's Bob Kiphuth. Perhaps the highlight of his career was Kiphuth's 1948 Men's U.S. Olympic swimming team, the only team in history to win first place in every event.
Kiphuth came from humble beginnings in Tonawanda, New York, and while this Buffalo area has never been famous for swimmers, it is another Oxford, Ohio, as a spawning ground for coaches, including Kiphuth, Matt Mann, Uhro Saari, George Breen and Harry Hainsworth. Originally an exercise-gymnastics-fitness instructor, Kiphuth came down from the gym to take over the swim team at the old Carnegie Pool when Matt Mann left Yale after 1917. His success was instant and continual.
More than any other coach, Kiphuth was responsible for adding dry land exercises and cross-country running to swimming programs. His success changed the long entrenched theories that swimming muscles had to be soft and trained only in the water. Kiphuth was accepted in Physical Education circles where his articles and several books made universal knowledge the techniques that had been kept secret in a few coaches' minds. He was the first editor and publisher of "Swimming World" magazine.
As Athletic Director and Physical Education professor at Yale, as a much traveled ambassador of swimming, Kiphuth played a key roll in sports administration, coordination and politics helping to break down much of the traditional thinking that a coach is a trainer that should be seen and not heard. Kiphuth was a founder of the Council for National Cooperation in Aquatics, a charter Vice President of the International Swimming Hall of Fame, a director of the Boys Clubs of America, the National Art Museum of Sports, the President's Fitness Council, National Swim Chairman of the AAU and many other executive-administrative functions other than coaching.
At Yale, he was a counselor to his many great swimmers out of the water but a very tough taskmaster to both swimmers and staff in his famous Payne-Whitney exhibition pool where his swimmers Jimmy McLane, Alan Ford and Jeff Farrell set many of the world records.
Kiphuth was a collector who filled his halls with pictures, clippings and trophies. When his bicycle was parked in the granite hallway of Payne-Whitney it meant the boss was in.