As of the 2010 census the population of 1,051 lived on the island. The Nature Conservancy added Block Island to its list of "The Last Great Places." The list consists of twelve sites in the Western Hemisphere. The island is a popular summer tourist destination and is known for its bicycling, hiking, sailing, fishing, and beaches, and site of a professional marathon swim in the 1960's.
It is host to the BlueMind Summit, organized by Wallace J. Nichols.